Project completed

Ambalavao: Water and sanitation

Type of project



  • Population: 24235390 people
    35% urban - 65% rural
  • Life expectancy: 65 years
  • Adult literacy rate, population 15+ years: 64%
  • Population with access to electricity:
    61% urban - 8% rural
  • Population with access to Improved water source:
    82% urban - 35% rural

The need

The inhabitants of the outlying districts of Ambalavao had to go to the city centre to draw water from the municipal fountains, which meant they had to wait a long time. The municipal water supply network worked for only 7 months out of 12. The rest of the year, the whole population drew water from an extremely polluted river.

The response

In partnership with the Mayor of Ambalavao and CREA (Communauté de l’Agglomération Rouen Elbeuf Austreberthe), Electriciens sans frontières was asked to install fountains in the villages of the community of municipalities in the city to facilitate access to water for the inhabitants of the outlying districts of Ambalavao. The construction involved building three water systems sourced from five springs in the mountains, three water tanks, and the installation of pipes, valves and flaps, all installed by the villagers and Electriciens sans frontières.

The aim

Today, the need for drinking water is estimated at 540 m3 per day. By 2030, for a population of about 40,000 inhabitants, the water demand will be between 1,400 and 1,600 m3 per day, obtained by strengthening the current central network and the actions of Electriciens sans frontières.

Good practices

Training in sanitation was also provided in cooperation with elected officials.

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